Rabbits are a popular pet as a low maintenance cuddly animal that can be tamed. The small herbivore has specialized digestive systems and feeding needs. As a selective eater, they choose new plant shoots and nutrient-rich leaves over-mature plants which are higher in fibre.
Therefore, a rabbit is considered a naturally picky eater that chooses high energy density foods which cause them to grow obese in captivity.
All female rabbits not being kept for breeding should be spayed. Non-spayed female rabbits have a very high risk of uterine cancer with some breeds of a rabbit having a 50-80% incidence of uterine adenocarcinoma by five years of age.
The ideal time to spay a rabbit is at 5-6 months of age. However, female rabbits can reach sexual maturity at 4-5 months of age so they should be separated from all male rabbits during this time.
The castration of male rabbits is also recommended in order to reduce aggression, territorial behavior, and bullying of other rabbits. Castration also completely eliminates the risk of testicular cancer.
Male rabbits can be castrated from 4-6 months of age (they reach sexual maturity at 5-8 months of age).